Cataract surgery takes about 10 – 15 minutes for each eye and is done with the modern method of phacoemulsification. Both eyes can be operated on the same day as they are not covered after the surgery.
The anesthesia is done locally with drops and the patient does not feel any pain, he is conscious and can even talk to the doctor. He does not need to be fasting and has received his medication as usual.
The vision is clear in about a week after the surgery, but even earlier the patient is functional.
The operation is performed with the modern method of phacoemulsification.
Tiny holes are made in the eye, the cloudy lens is broken up with ultrasound and suctioned, and then an artificial clear intraocular lens is placed which stays in the eye for life and does not need to be replaced.
Pre-operatively, several measurements are taken with modern equipment to calculate the power of the intraocular lens that will be placed in each patient’s eye in order to correct any refractive errors (myopia, hypermetropia, astigmatism and presbyopia) and so that the patient does not need glasses after the operation. Additionally, there is a wide variety of intraocular lenses used both in terms of material quality and the refractive errors they correct (e.g. toric intraocular lenses, multifocal intraocular lenses).
- Age over 18 years.
- Stable refractive error for one year.
- Appropriate corneal thickness, which is measured at the preoperative checkup.
- Absence of other significant eye disease.
- Do not be pregnant or breastfeeding.
If you wear contact lenses, you should take them out at least 10 days before the test if they are soft and at least 1 month before if they are hard.
The time duration of the laser in the eyes is about 10 minutes for each eye.
In both techniques, the laser focuses on the cornea, i.e. on the surface of the eye and not on deeper structures.
The patient is given local anesthetic drops so that there is no pain, but they may feel a gentle pressure during the LASIK technique. After LASIK surgery, the vision clears within the same day and there is no pain.
With the transPRK technique, vision clears up within 2 weeks and there is mild discomfort in the first few days.
Which technique to use is assessed during the preoperative examination and depends on the characteristics of the eye and the refractive error.
The majority of floaters are thick pieces of the jelly inside the eye (vitreous junctions). The vitreous (jelly) degenerates over time and detaches from the back surface of the eye, which is a normal process.
However, if the floaters are new, numerous, or are accompanied by flashes, it is recommended to examine the eye with fundoscopy to rule out the possibility that a tear or detachment of the retina has been caused by the attractive forces exerted by the vitreous when it detaches.