Glaucoma is a degenerative neuropathy that destroys the nerve fibers of the optic nerve, resulting in damage to the peripheral vision in the early stages, and in later more advanced stages, damage to the central vision as well as blindness.

The major risk factor for glaucoma and the only one that can be controlled by drugs is intraocular pressure.


During fundoscopy we see the of the optic nerve head, and the large damages in it, if any, are visible, but smaller damages are not apparent.

In order to check in more detail whether there is loss of nerve fibers and damage to peripheral vision, the visual field machine (detection of functional vision loss) and tomography of the optic nerve (nerve OCT) are used to detect the anatomical loss of nerve fibers.