The retina is a structure located at the back of the eye internally.
The main diseases that affect the retina are:
- • Age-related macular degeneration, which is distinguished in dry and wet form. It mainly appears after the age of 65, and threatens the central vision. It is monitored by fundoscopy and by performing OCT scans and angiograms. For the liquid form, special injections are applied in the eye, while for the dry form, some nutritional supplements are used to delay its development.
- • Diabetic retinopathy occurs in patients with diabetes mellitus, therefore fundoscopy is recommended every year in diabetic patients. It is monitored with fundoscopy and OCT scans and angiograms and depending on the severity, a special laser can be applied to the retina and/or special injections.
- • Hypertensive retinopathy, which occurs in patients with uncontrolled arterial hypertension.
- Retinal vein or artery occlusion, which usually occurs in patients with vascular diseases.
- Central serous chorioretinopathy, which usually occurs in young adults.
- Retinal detachment, in which the retina separates from its base and needs surgical repair.
- The suspicion of a retinal disease is raised during the history taking, and usually in addition to the funduscopy, which shows an image of the retina, a tomography with the OCT or an angiography is also needed.
The office is equipped with a latest technology OCT machine and digital angiography, where contrast injection is not required from the vein as was done with the old conventional fluoro angiography.